The world has faced different virus attacks that resulted in thousands of death of people. Such epidemics include the spread of Ebola, H1N1 and more. Recently, the world is again influenced by another deadly virus which is named Corona. The Coronavirus is the name given to a group of viruses that cause different diseases like SARS, COVID-19, and MERS. The word ‘corona’ comes from the Latin language, which means ‘crown’. This name is given because it appears like a crown when looked through a microscope. You must collect knowledge about the virus and the prevention tips to stay safe.
Zoonotic In Nature
Coronavirus is zoonotic which means it can transfer from animals to humans. Some investigations that are carried out in different regions of the globe showed that SARS CoV (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus) is transferred from civets to humans and MERS CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus) is transferred from camels to humans. There are still some animal species present that are affected by this group of viruses which are bats, camels, civets, mice, dogs and cats yet to be discovered.
How Big Is It?
The size of this virus is very small. When COVID-19 or Coronavirus Disease was microscopically looked, it seemed to be 900 times smaller than a human hair. Scientifically, this virus possesses a single strand RNA genome that measures between 26 kilobases to 32 kilobases.
Symptoms Of The Coronavirus
It is hard to point out that the person is infected with Coronavirus in the early stage because the person only shows mild symptoms of the common cold. As time lapses, the symptoms start growing severe and if not properly cared for, it can result in death. However, symptoms can appear after 2 to 14 days after the influence which includes cough, fever, and shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing. Hence, if you have any of these symptoms lately, then you must immediately call the doctor to get a checkup. Other symptoms include chest in pain, inability to arouse or appearance of bluish lips or face. Even in case of doubt with any of such symptoms, you must ask for medical attention immediately.
How It Influences The Body?
The Coronavirus mostly affects the lungs of the person. It does this in three stages:
- Viral replication
- Immune hyperreactivity
- Pulmonary destruction
It is not important that every person goes through all three phases. Only a few percent of affected persons experienced respiratory failure and unfortunately died. In the human lungs, there are two classes of cells. One that is responsible for the formation of mucus and other is cilia. The mucus ensures that the lung does not fry out and protects it from pathogens.
The cilia cells stay around the mucus to clear out viruses and pollens of dust. This particular virus infects the cilia cells and kills them. This allows debris as well as other fluids to enter inside the lungs. This results in blocking the airways which leads to the development of pneumonia in both the lungs.
How To Stop The Coronavirus From Spreading?
To stop the coronavirus from spreading, one must avoid close much public contact. Regular handwashing, covering the mouth, covering the nose while coughing or sneezing can help in preventing this virus from spreading. Also, thoroughly cook the eggs and meat, this will burn any sign of virus if present.
This virus started spreading from China and now it has spread all over the world. It can be deadly and thus it is essential to follow the preventive measures.